1.) Is the matrix A = [[3,1],[0,3]] diagonalizable? Explain.

Well, I know a matrix is said to be diagonlizable if A is similar to a digonal matrix, that is, if A = PDP^(-1) for some invertible matrix P and some diagonal matrix D; also, it is diagonalizable iff A has n linearly independent eigenvectors;

So I know (A - LI)x = 0;

How do I know the eigenvalues though and how would I show its diagonalizable?

2.) Suppose we have an n x n matrix A with det(A^4) = 0. Can the matrix A be invertible; if so, give an example of such a matrix A. If not, show whyy Matrix A cannot be invertible.

3.) Let lambda (L) be an eigen value of an invertible Matrix, A. Show that L^2 is an eigen value of A^(2).