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Math Help - help needed on algebra

  1. #1
    Newbie
    Joined
    Jan 2009
    Posts
    8

    help needed on algebra

    hi i would be very grateful if anyone could help me out with any of the questions

    (a) use the definition of addition for rational numbers to verify that it satisfies the commutative and associative laws.
    (b)use the definition of mutiplication for complex numbers to verify that it satisfies the commutative and associative laws.
    (c)solve the system of linear equations in complex numbers:
    (2 + i)x + (-3i)y = 3 + i
    3ix + (3 - 2i)y = 3 - 3i
    (d)how many complex numbers z are there that z^6=1? Calculate them and sketch the argand diagram.

    what i have done so far
    (a)
    well i got this for the definition of addition for rational numbers but i need help for the second part it seems simple yet i cannot manage to do it.
    (b)Multiplication:
    (c) i've been taught how to solve systems in geometry but i cannot solve this.
    (d)z=1^(1/6)
    z=1
    1(cos(theta)+isin(theta)) i don't know how to figure out the angle of theta

    if anyone could help with any part i would appreciate it alot
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  2. #2
    Senior Member
    Joined
    Dec 2008
    Posts
    288
    for part d you must set z^6 -1 equal to one and then find a root the e.g 1
    you must then use (z-1) as a root and if that is a root so is its complex conjuate (z+1) you must then use this to form your quadratic factor. Also for complex polynomial it has exactly the same amount of factors as its degree.e.g. six does this help??

    for part c is it asking to solve seperately or at once.
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  3. #3
    Newbie
    Joined
    Jan 2009
    Posts
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    thank for part (d). for part (c) its asking to solve together, in geometry we were taught how to so it in terms of planes not complex numbers. and you use back substitution or leave it in eshlon form.
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