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Math Help - Rank of a product of two matrices

  1. #1
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    Rank of a product of two matrices

    There is a remark my professor made in his notes that I simply can't wrap my head around. He even gave a proof but it made me even more confused. Here it is:

    Two matrices:
    A_{mxn}, Q_{nxn}
    Q is invertible
    AQ is mxn
    \therefore rank(AQ) = rank A

    Note: I'm confused by this alone (I'll show the proof after if someone can help me understand this first). What is the relevance of Q's invertibility?
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by Canadian0469 View Post
    There is a remark my professor made in his notes that I simply can't wrap my head around. He even gave a proof but it made me even more confused. Here it is:

    Two matrices:
    A_{mxn}, Q_{nxn}
    Q is invertible
    AQ is mxn
    \therefore rank(AQ) = rank A

    Note: I'm confused by this alone (I'll show the proof after if someone can help me understand this first). What is the relevance of Q's invertibility?
    one way to see this is to look at the transformations that A and Q define: suppose V and W are two vector spaces with dimensions n and m respectively. let T: V \longrightarrow V and S: V \longrightarrow W

    be defined by T(v)=Qv, \ S(v)=Av. then ST(v)=AQv. now since Q is invertible, T(V)=V. hence: ST(V)=S(V), and thus: \text{rank}(AQ)=\dim ST(V) = \dim S(V)= \text{rank} A. \ \ \Box
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