Thread: positive definite matrix

1. positive definite matrix

Let A be the following symmetric matrix
A =
[4 2 -2 2
2 2 1 1
-2 1 14 -1
2 1 -1 x]

find the values of x , such that A is positive definite.

a symmetric matrix is a square matrix, A, that is equal to its transpose and An n × n real symmetric matrix M is positive definite if zTMz > 0 for all non-zero vectors z with real entries (i.e. zRn), where zT denotes the transpose of z.

3. Originally Posted by tinng
Let A be the following symmetric matrix
A =
[4 2 -2 2
2 2 1 1
-2 1 14 -1
2 1 -1 x]

find the values of x , such that A is positive definite.
There is a theorem telling that $A=(a_{ij})_{1\leq i,j\leq n}$ (here, $n=4$) is positive definite if, and only if, for $k=1,\ldots,n$ the determinant of $A_k=(a_{ij})_{1\leq i,j\leq k}$ is positive.

If you know this, then it is easy. The determinants of $A_1, A_2, A_3$ are positive, they do not depend on $x$, and the determinant of $A_4=A$ is found to be $36(x-1)$, hence it is positive iff $x>1$. So $A$ is positive definite iff $x>1$.