Still working on it! Any help would be appreciated
Last question for the night!
Let V and W be vector spaces and T: V --> W be linear.
a) Prove that T is 1-1 if and only if T carries linearly independent subsets of V onto linearly independent subsets of W.
b) Suppose that T is 1-1 and that S is a subset of V. Prove that S is linearly independent if and only if T(S) is linearly independent.
c) Suppose B {v1, v2,...,vn} is a basis for V and T is 1-1 and onto. Prove that T(B) = {T(v1), T(v2),...,T(vn)} is a basis for W
suppose T is 1-1 and S is a linearly independent subset of V. If T(S) isn't linearly independent then you have
where and because T(0)=0 and T is 1-1 you have
so S is not linearly independent and you get a contradiction. meaning T is 1-1 then T(S) linearly independent if S is linearly independent.
if T carries linearly independent subset to linearly independent subsets, then for every nonzero vector is independent and then {T(v)} is independent so , and T is 1-1 because it's kernel is only the zero vector
the proof for (b) is similar to (a)
for (c) you already know that T(B) is independent. try to show that is also spans W using the fact that T is onto.