Perm/Comb/Pascal Math/Geometry Please help!
I have two problems and I don't know how to solve them.
1) if you have a triangle of circles with 1 circle at the top with two circles below that, three circles below that etc. How would you find the the number of circles in the 90th row ? Or which row would contain 90 circles. I think there would be a formula, or uses Combinations/Permutations to solve the problem.
2) how do you find distance on a grid map where the points are not exactly on the grid line:
Point A .


 (this is a bridge)


. Point B
Point A would be on the graph line, you have to cross the Bridge and point B is not on the grid line.
3) Trail L/R problem How do you figure the quickest way from point A to point B if the trail splits L or R 6 times?
Any help would be appreciated. Thanks RH