Check that S satisfies all the axioms of a vector space. (You know what the definition of a vector space is, don’t you?)
Hint: Any vector in S will be of the form .
Let v1 = span{(1 0 2)} and v2 = span{(0 1 1)}.
Observe that they are both vector spaces. A new set of vectors, S, is constructed by taking any vecotr from v1 and any vector from v2 and these 2 vectors together.
(a) explain why S will also be a vector space.
help please.
You should at least have covered the definition of a vector space – otherwise there would be no point in asking the question you asked!
Very well, here is an elementary definition of a vector space. Or more precisely, the definition of a real vector space.
A real vector space consists of a nonempty set V of elements called vectors which can be added together and multiplied by real numbers (called scalars) such that the following properties hold:
- For any vectors u and v and any scalar (real number) α, u+v and αu are in V.
- For any vectors u, v and w, we have u+v = v+u and (u+v)+w = u+(v+w).
- There is a vector called 0 such that if u is any vector, u+0 = u.
- Given any vector u, there is a vector v such that u+v = 0. (This vector v is usually denoted −u.)
- For any vectors u and v and any scalars α and β, we have α(u+v) = αu+αv, (α+β)u = αu+βu and (αβ)u = α(βu).
- 1u = u for any vector u.
Now your job is to prove that the set is a vector space. I’ll do the first one for you.
- Let and be vectors in S and be real. Then
is in S and
is also in S.
Now you do the rest.
hmmm.. nope i think that is too indepth for my course. i understand what you are trying to do though there. you are using pretty much any values...(a, b..etc) and using them as vectors to prove that the definition holds, and hence proving that S is also a vector space??
am i correcT?