# Integers

• May 7th 2006, 10:50 AM
mathlg
Integers
Find an integer n > 20 so that the equation 3x = b always have a unigue solution in Zn regardless of the value b

Not to sure what Zn means
Can the value of b be anything?

• May 7th 2006, 11:07 AM
ThePerfectHacker
Quote:

Originally Posted by mathlg
Find an integer n > 20 so that the equation 3x = b always have a unigue solution in Zn regardless of the value b

Not to sure what Zn means
Can the value of b be anything?

By,
$\mathbb{Z}_n$ we mean the group of positive integers added modulo $n$.

I believe the theorem goes that,
$ax=b$ has a solution in $\mathbb{Z}_n$ when, $\gcd(b,n)=1$.
For your problem you need to find all the integers relatively prime to $20$ and less. This is called the 'phi-function'. Thus, you need to find the smalles $n>20$ such as all the previous integers are relatively prime to it. Meaning a prime number, the smallest after 20 is 23.
• May 7th 2006, 11:20 AM
mathlg
So you are saying that since n > 20 the next smallest prime number is 23. That would be the integer im looking for in the problem? I get confused when it says regardless of the value b.
• May 7th 2006, 02:13 PM
ThePerfectHacker
Quote:

Originally Posted by mathlg
So you are saying that since n > 20 the next smallest prime number is 23. That would be the integer im looking for in the problem? I get confused when it says regardless of the value b.

Yes