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Math Help - Find Simplified Expression for T

  1. #1
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    Find Simplified Expression for T

    So this is a physics question (but the part to be asked is mathematical) from Quantum Mech.

    In an earlier part of question, I obtain an expression for T:
    T=\frac{4\sqrt{E(E+V_0)}}{2E+2\sqrt{E(E+V_0)}+V_0}

    Then it asks, find a simplified expression for T when V_0 >> E

    The best way I could come up with to (attempt to) solve this, was to assume E = 0, which would make T=0
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  2. #2
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    Re: Find Simplified Expression for T

    Multiply top and bottom by V_0^{-1}:

    T = \dfrac{4\sqrt{E^2 + EV_0}}{2E + 2\sqrt{E^2+EV_0} + V_0}\left(\dfrac{V_0^{-1}}{V_0^{-1}}\right)

    Now, V_0^{-1} = \sqrt{V_0^{-2}}. So, you get:

    T = \dfrac{4\sqrt{E^2V_0^{-2} + EV_0^{-1}}}{2EV_0^{-1}+2\sqrt{E^2V_0^{-2}+EV_0^{-1}}+1}

    Each term with V_0 to a negative exponent approaches zero as V_0 \gg E. So, you get T \to 0, just as you thought. That is pretty simplified, isn't it?

    Edit: But, if I had an idea of what E and V_0 were, I might have come up with a different answer. If V_0 has an upper bound, and just appears large compared to E, that would change my answer significantly.
    Last edited by SlipEternal; October 22nd 2013 at 06:39 AM.
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  3. #3
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    Re: Find Simplified Expression for T

    Quote Originally Posted by zeeshahmad View Post
    So this is a physics question (but the part to be asked is mathematical) from Quantum Mech.

    In an earlier part of question, I obtain an expression for T:
    T=\frac{4\sqrt{E(E+V_0)}}{2E+2\sqrt{E(E+V_0)}+V_0}

    Then it asks, find a simplified expression for T when V_0 >> E

    The best way I could come up with to (attempt to) solve this, was to assume E = 0, which would make T=0
    If B is very small compared to A then AB is much less than A and much larger than B, but A+ B is very close to A.
    If, in your equation, E is much smaller than V_0 then you can replace V_0+ E with V_0 but cannot drop the E that is multiplied.

    In other words T is close to \dfrac{2\sqrt{E(V_0)}}{\sqrt{E(V_0)}+ V_0}.
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  4. #4
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    Re: Find Simplified Expression for T

    Quote Originally Posted by HallsofIvy View Post
    If B is very small compared to A then AB is much less than A and much larger than B, but A+ B is very close to A.
    If, in your equation, E is much smaller than V_0 then you can replace V_0+ E with V_0 but cannot drop the E that is multiplied.

    In other words T is close to \dfrac{2\sqrt{E(V_0)}}{\sqrt{E(V_0)}+ V_0}.
    That's a good way to look at it!

    One minor correction: \dfrac{4\sqrt{E(V_0)}}{2\sqrt{E(V_0)}+ V_0} \left(\mbox{Or }\dfrac{2\sqrt{E(V_0)}}{\sqrt{E(V_0)}+ V_0/2}\right)
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  5. #5
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    Re: Find Simplified Expression for T

    Thank you
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