# Math Help - basis theorem concept-issue !

1. ## basis theorem concept-issue !

Hi I need some help understanding this theorem,thanks
I dont understand this fully ..especiallly the bit about a contradiction ..what is the implication of this theorem??
Let w be a subspace of a vector space V and dim(V) =n
then i)dim(W)≤n;
and
ii)dim(W)=n iff W=V
Proof) i) any basis B of W must contain at most n vectors ,since otherwise B is Linearly dependendent by theorem(*). Hence dim(W)≤n.
ii)If W=V then dim(W)=dim(V)=n
conversely suppose that dim(W)=n and let B={w,,w2,...wn} be a basis of W.
Suppose for a contradiction that W≠V.Then there is v∈V such that v does not exist in W ..

a0v+ a1w1+a2w2+...anWn=0
for some scalars a0,a1,....an
then a0=0 since otherwise..
v=[-1/(a0)][ ]∈Span(B)=W
so a1w1+a2w2+...anWn=0
a1w1+a2w2+...anwn=0
a1=a2-...=an=0
since B is linear independent
this shows X={v1,w1,....,wn} is linear independent,which is impossible since X contains n vectors ,so X is Linearly depenedent by theorem(*)
ehence W=V.

(*)theorem
Let X={v1,v2,....Vn} be a basis of a vector space V and Y={w1,w2,...Wm} a subset of V.
i)If m>n then Y is linear dependent..
ii)if m<n then Y does not span V.

2. ## Re: basis theorem concept-issue !

Hey n22.

Which specific parts are you having trouble with?

3. ## Re: basis theorem concept-issue !

Originally Posted by chiro
Hey n22.

Which specific parts are you having trouble with?