I made some progress on my own, which I suppose was the easy part.

So, x is either algebraic or transcendental over F. If x is algebraic over F, then F(x)/F is finite => [F(x):F] = [F(x) : K][K : F] finite. The product if finite only if both factors are finite. In particular [F(x) : K] is finite, and hence algebraic. (I have one introductory algebra book stating the tower law (?) only for finite extensions, but Lang's Algebra states it for any extensions.)

As for the case x transcendental, then F(x)/F is infinite => either F(x)/K or K/F is infinite, at which point things get circular...