I need to prove that H={(1 n 0 1) | n is an element of the integers} is a cyclic subgroup of GL2(reals). H is a matrix with the first row 1 and n and the second row 0 and 1. I appreciate the help!
i suppose you mean:
$\displaystyle H = \left\{\begin{bmatrix}1&n\\0&1 \end{bmatrix} | n \in \mathbb{Z} \right\}$
the way to do this is show that:
$\displaystyle \phi:H \to \mathbb{Z}$ defined by:
$\displaystyle \phi\left(\begin{bmatrix}1&n\\0&1 \end{bmatrix}\right) = n$
is an isomorphism of groups. this means that if:
$\displaystyle A = \begin{bmatrix}1&k\\0&1 \end{bmatrix};\ B = \begin{bmatrix}1&m\\0&1 \end{bmatrix}$
you need to show that:
$\displaystyle \phi(AB) = \phi(A) + \phi(B)$
and that $\displaystyle \phi$ is bijective.