HI I am studying for the final which is in less then 7 hours, There is this one question on the review sheet which I really can't do at all, for some reason I just think I can't do Kernal and Range.

I looked at the examples in the text book all 23 of them none are similar to these that way i can just repeat the sets and follow.

so please if anyone can show me how to do these with clear steps, you will have saved me in the final. This website has already taught me more then my class in Linear. But this is the final so please your help will be more then appreciated. There is no one left to go and as

here is the question