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Math Help - Show that every element of the 9-element field is a root of f?

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    Show that every element of the 9-element field is a root of f?

    Consider the polynomial f(x) = x^9 + 2x. Show that every element of the 9-element field is a root of f.

    Where would I begin with this, any help please?
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  2. #2
    Senior Member jakncoke's Avatar
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    Re: Show that every element of the 9-element field is a root of f?

    which 9 element field?
    Last edited by jakncoke; December 15th 2012 at 06:50 PM.
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    Re: Show that every element of the 9-element field is a root of f?

    Quote Originally Posted by jakncoke View Post
    which 9 element field? Also i was under the impression that all finite fields were of prime order.
    no, there exists a unique finite field (up to isomorphism) for every prime POWER. 9 is a prime power (3 squared).

    note that in a field F of 9 elements we must have 3 = 1+1+1 = 0 (the characteristic of a finite field F must be prime, and the (additive) subgroup generated by 1 must have order a divisor of 9 (by lagrange), the only prime divisor of 9 is 3).

    note further that since F -{0} is a group of order 8, we have x8 = 1, for all non-zero x.

    hence x9 + 2x = x(x8 + 2). if x = 0, then this is obviously 0.

    if x ≠ 0, then x8 = 1, so x(x8 + 2) = x(1 + 2) = x(3) = x(0) = 0.
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    Senior Member jakncoke's Avatar
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    Re: Show that every element of the 9-element field is a root of f?

    Quote Originally Posted by Deveno View Post
    no, there exists a unique finite field (up to isomorphism) for every prime POWER. 9 is a prime power (3 squared).

    note that in a field F of 9 elements we must have 3 = 1+1+1 = 0 (the characteristic of a finite field F must be prime, and the (additive) subgroup generated by 1 must have order a divisor of 9 (by lagrange), the only prime divisor of 9 is 3).

    note further that since F -{0} is a group of order 8, we have x8 = 1, for all non-zero x.

    hence x9 + 2x = x(x8 + 2). if x = 0, then this is obviously 0.

    if x ≠ 0, then x8 = 1, so x(x8 + 2) = x(1 + 2) = x(3) = x(0) = 0.
    man, your on cocaine or something man, crazy fast and accurate. Can't keep up man.
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