"Describethe decomposition of Sinto G-orbits" is sufficiently vague that I think anything you write down that's close will be acceptable. The question specifically asks about the decomposition of S, not the decomposition of G, so at a minimum you should include something like "The action of G on S decomposes S into equivalence classes, each of which is the G orbit of any one of its members, where the equivalence relation is...".

If you also want to include facts about how that actiondecomposes G(see how that's not what was asked for?) via cosets of stabilizers, then you're technically adding more than is asked for. But it can't hurt.

"Describe the orbits of poles for the group of rotations of a (insert platonic solid here)" sounds like it wants something trivial (on what seems to be the precise reading of the problem), or fairly demanding. It either really wants, as it says, a description of the orbits of each vertex (which is, under this action, is the set of all the verticies), or it wants some kind of description given for the group action based on how a vertex is mapped under a rotation. The second interpretation would take some thought. The first interpretation requires nothing more than noting that the group of rotations leaving a Platonic solid invariant is transitive on the verticies (i.e. the verticies are all in the same orbit).