Hi, I have to do a project on affine subsets and affine mappings, but I have no clue what they are... We are given only one clue and I can't find many notes on google. I would really appreciate it if someone could help me with this first problem (and if you could also give me a link to some good notes on the topic). Thanks a lot!

The problem says:

"To illustrate this concept, show that

$\displaystyle M=\{x=(x_1, ..., x_4) \epsilon \mathbb{R}^4 : 2x_1-x_2+x_3=1$ and $\displaystyle x_1+4x_3-2x_4=3\}$

is an affine subset of $\displaystyle \mathbb{R}^4$."

And the only hint we get is

"Throughout Part A of this project, V will be a real vector space and, for a non-empty subset S of V and a $\displaystyle \epsilon$ V, the set {$\displaystyle x+a : x \epsilon S$} will be denoted by S+a.

An affine subset of V is a non-empty subset M of V with the property that $\displaystyle \lambda *x+(1- \lambda )*y \epsilon M$ whenever $\displaystyle x,y \epsilon M$ and $\displaystyle \lambda \epsilon \mathbb{R}$."