## Orthogonal Transformations

I am reading Grove and Benson's book on Finite Reflection Groups and am struggling with some of the basic linear algebra.

Some terminology from Grove and Benson:

V is a real Euclidean vector space

A transformation of V is understood to be a linear transformation

The group of all orthogonal transformations of V will be denoted O(V)

Then in chapter 2, Grove and Benson write the following:

If T [TEX]\inEX] O(V), then T is completely determined by its action on the basis vectors $e_1$ = (1,0) and $e_2$ = (0,1).

If T $e_1 = ( \mu , \nu )$, then ${\mu}^2 + {\nu}^2 = 1$ and $T e_2 = \pm ( - \nu , \mu)$