# Automorphisms of a group G

• Jan 10th 2012, 03:59 PM
Bernhard
Automorphisms of a group G
Dummit and Foote Section 4.4 Automorphisms Exercise 1 reads as follows:

Let $\sigma \in Aut(G)$ and $\phi_g$ is conjugation by g, prove that $\sigma \phi_g \sigma^{-1}$ = $\phi_{\sigma (g)}$.

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A start to the proof is as follows:

$\sigma \phi_g \sigma^{-1}$

= $\sigma (\phi_g (\sigma^{-1} (x)))$

= $\sigma (g. \sigma^{-1} (x). g^{-1} )$

= $\sigma (g). x . \sigma (g^{-1} )$

Now we have completed the proof if $\sigma (g^{-1}) = ( {\sigma (g) )}^{-1}$

But why is $\sigma (g^{-1}) = ( {\sigma (g) )}^{-1}$ in this case??

Peter
• Jan 10th 2012, 05:23 PM
Bernhard
Re: Automorphisms of a group G

For an automorphism we have $\phi (e) = e$

Thus $\phi (e) = \phi (g g^{-1}) = \phi (g) \phi( g^{-1} ) = e$

and from this it follows that $\phi (g^{-1}) = {[\phi (g)]}^{-1}$

Am I correct?

Peter
• Jan 11th 2012, 02:51 AM
Swlabr
Re: Automorphisms of a group G
Quote:

Originally Posted by Bernhard
For an automorphism we have $\phi (e) = e$
Thus $\phi (e) = \phi (g g^{-1}) = \phi (g) \phi( g^{-1} ) = e$
and from this it follows that $\phi (g^{-1}) = {[\phi (g)]}^{-1}$