vector spaces and linear maps

• Nov 26th 2011, 05:39 AM
beano2913
vector spaces and linear maps
Suppose that V and W are vector spaces. Let Hom (V, W ) be the set of all
linear maps φ : V → W . Add and scale linear maps in the obvious way to
make Hom (V, W ) into a vector space. Deﬁne a linear map

and prove that your map is an isomorphism.

Hom (Rp , Rq ) → Rpq ,

• Nov 26th 2011, 06:35 AM
HallsofIvy
Re: vector spaces and linear maps
You know, I presume, that, given bases for V and W, any linear map from V to W can be written as a matrix. So this question is asking you to construct a linear map from the set of p by q matrices (which each have pq numbers, of course) to the set of ordered "pq-tuples". There is an obvious way to do that: for example, mapping $\begin{bmatrix}a & b & c \\ d & e & f\end{bmatrix}$ to $\begin{pmatrix}a & b & c & d & e & f\end{pmatrix}$. Try it.
• Nov 26th 2011, 08:30 AM
Deveno
Re: vector spaces and linear maps
specifically, since we know that $\mathbb{R}^p,\mathbb{R}^q$ are vector spaces, for any two bases $\alpha,\ \beta$ we can form, for any $T \in \mathrm{Hom}(\mathbb{R}^p,\mathbb{R}^q)$, the matrix $[T]_\beta^\alpha$. explicitly, if $\alpha = \{u_1,\dots,u_p\}$, and $\beta = \{v_1,\dots,v_q\}$, then the columns of $[T]_\beta^\alpha$ are:

$[T([v_j]_\alpha)]_\beta$

$\alpha,\ \beta$ are usually (but not always) taken to be the standard bases, in which case we can drop the brackets and simply write: $T(e_j)$ for the j-th column of $[T]$.

so the desired isomorphism is: $\varphi:T \to [T]_\beta^\alpha$

note that there is no special property of $\mathbb{R}$ used above, and we have exactly the same argument for any two vector spaces U,V with dim(U) = p, and dim(V) = q, over an arbitrary field F, that is:

$\mathrm{Hom}_F(U,V) \cong \mathrm{Mat}_F(\mathrm{dim}(V),\mathrm{dim}(U)) \cong F^{(\mathrm{dim}(U))(\mathrm{dim}(V))}$

where the second isomorphism is just the "vectorization of a matrix", given by concatenating the columns.