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Math Help - Unsure of how to find the answer.. Matrix question

  1. #1
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    Unsure of how to find the answer.. Matrix question

    Hi,

    I have tried to analyse this question but I dont know how to get the answer for tr B and det B (5 and 0 respectively)

    The eigenvalues of a certain 2 2 matrix A are 2 and 3. Let
    B = A^2 2A 3I .
    What are the values of the trace and the determinant of B? Show how you
    obtained your answers.
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  2. #2
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    Re: Unsure of how to find the answer.. Matrix question

    since -2 and 3 are eigenvalues of A, det(xI - A) = (x+2)(x-3) = x^2 - x - 6.

    since every matrix satisfies its own characteristic polynomial, A^2 = A + 6I.

    thus B = A^2 - 2A - 3I = A + 6I - 2A - 3I = -(A - 3I).

    but A - 3I is singular, since for any eigenvector v belonging to the eigenvalue 3, (A - 3I)v = 0.

    thus B is singular as well, since B(-v) = -Bv = (A - 3I)v = 0, so det(B) = 0.

    now, tr(B) = tr(-A+3I) = tr(-A) + tr(3I) = -tr(A) + 6.

    since tr(A) is the sum of the eigenvalues of A, tr(A) = 1, hence tr(B) = -1 + 6 = 5.
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