find the definative polinomial?

if i go by definition

so i need to open the cols and find the roots of polinomial of power 3 which is alot of work

the answer in the book is

is there some other way to get this result

?

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- Sep 30th 2011, 02:22 AMtransgalacticdeterminant problem
find the definative polinomial?

if i go by definition

so i need to open the cols and find the roots of polinomial of power 3 which is alot of work

the answer in the book is

is there some other way to get this result

? - Sep 30th 2011, 05:16 AMDevenoRe: determinant problem
check your arithmetic.

for det(tI - A), i get (t+3)(t^2 - 3t - 4) + t - 4 = t^3 - 12t - 16.

to factor t^3 - 12t - 16, you might try guessing rational (and thus integer) roots first, that is: t = -1,1,-2,2,-4,4,-8,8,-16,16.

on the 3rd try, you would find that (-2)^3 - 12(-2) - 16 = -8 + 24 -16 = 0, so you would know that t+2 is a factor.

division by t+2 will give you a quadratic, to which you could apply the quadratic formula (unless you could factor it by inspection). - Sep 30th 2011, 07:08 AMHallsofIvyRe: determinant problem
Noticing that "t+ 2" factor, I would have been inclined to expand the determinant on the third column!

- Sep 30th 2011, 08:12 AMtransgalacticRe: determinant problem
ok thanks:)