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Math Help - Isomorphism: Klein 4 and Z2 x Z2

  1. #1
    Super Member Bernhard's Avatar
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    Isomorphism: Klein 4 and Z2 x Z2

    Can anyone help with the following problem

    Let V be the Klein 4 group

    Show that V  \cong \mathbb{Z}_2} x \mathbb{Z}_2}

    At the moment I am testing various possibilities - but there must be a better approach than just randomly attempting to construct an isomorphism!

    Be most grateful for help.

    Peter
    Last edited by Bernhard; September 11th 2011 at 03:48 AM.
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  2. #2
    Super Member TheChaz's Avatar
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    Re: Isomorphism: Klein 4 and Z2 x Z2

    Uh... You have four elements: 1, a, b, ab
    They map to four elements: (0, 0), (0, 1), (1,0), (1,1)
    What is random??
    Identity maps to identity. Then every other element has order two...
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  3. #3
    Super Member Bernhard's Avatar
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    Re: Isomorphism: Klein 4 and Z2 x Z2

    Can you explain how you are using the fact that every other element has order 2?

    Are you saying that therefore you must get an isomorphism however you match the other 3 elements of each group?

    Peter
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    Super Member TheChaz's Avatar
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    Re: Isomorphism: Klein 4 and Z2 x Z2

    It matters to which element ab maps.
    Here is your isomorphism from V to Z2 x Z2:
    f(1) = (0,0)
    f(a) = (1,0)
    f(b) = (0,1)
    f(ab) = (1,1)
    Isn't the defining feature of the Klein four group (if not that it's isomorphic to Z2xZ2!) its multiplication table? You will have the same (additive) table ...
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  5. #5
    Super Member Bernhard's Avatar
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    Re: Isomorphism: Klein 4 and Z2 x Z2

    Thanks

    But where did your reasoning with the orders of the elements come into it?
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  6. #6
    Super Member TheChaz's Avatar
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    Re: Isomorphism: Klein 4 and Z2 x Z2

    Quote Originally Posted by Bernhard View Post
    Thanks

    But where did your reasoning with the orders of the elements come into it?
    It didn't, explicitly.
    I'm guessing as to how the K group was defined for you.
    This might be useful;
    Group where every element is order 2 - Mathematics - Stack Exchange
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