a matrix that has zeroes everywhere except for one element - name

Is there a name for a matrix that has zeroes everywhery except for one element? Is there a name for a matrix of this kind in which the nonzero element equals 1?

Re: a matrix that has zeroes everywhere except for one element - name

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Originally Posted by

**ymar** Is there a name for a matrix that has zeroes everywhery except for one element? Is there a name for a matrix of this kind in which the nonzero element equals 1?

I don't think so, but here is List of matrices - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Re: a matrix that has zeroes everywhere except for one element - name

Right, I've seen the list, but I couldn't find it there.

Re: a matrix that has zeroes everywhere except for one element - name

sometimes these are called the elementary matrices Ei,j when the i,j-th entry is 1 and all other entries are 0. these form a basis for the vector space of all nxn matrices over a field.

Re: a matrix that has zeroes everywhere except for one element - name

Those certainly do form a basis for the space of n by n matrices but that is not my understanding of "elementary matrix". An elementary matrix is one that is derived from the identity matrix by a single row operation.

See definition 3 in Pauls Online Notes : Linear Algebra - Inverse Matrices and Elementary Matrices

Re: a matrix that has zeroes everywhere except for one element - name

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Originally Posted by

**HallsofIvy**

This is also the meaning of "elementary matrix" in know. Thank you both.

Re: a matrix that has zeroes everywhere except for one element - name

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**HallsofIvy**

yes, that is the more usual use of "elementary matrix", the matrix form of an elementary row-operation. that is why i said "sometimes"...

if one wishes to identify M(mxn)(F) with F^(mn), then these are just the standard basis vectors of F^(mn) (well, the image under the inverse isomorphism of the standard basis-that's a mouthful).

i didn't invent, or make up this usage: for example, see the footnote on page 6 here: http://www.colorado.edu/engineering/.../IFEM.AppD.pdf