# Prove the formula of inverse matrix

• May 20th 2011, 03:59 PM
mahefo
Prove the formula of inverse matrix
In econometric, I have to use this formula to compute the inverse matrix
$(A\pm bc')^{-1}=A^{-1}\mp \left[\frac{1}{1\pm c'A^{-1}b}\right]A^{-1}bc'A^{-1}$
where A is a $n\times n$, symmetric, nonsingular matrix; b,c are n-column vectors, c' is transpose of c.
I used it but I did know how to prove this formula. I need your help.
• May 20th 2011, 08:59 PM
FernandoRevilla
Have you tried

$(A\pm bc^t)\left(A^{-1}\mp \left(\frac{1}{1\pm c^tA^{-1}b}\right)A^{-1}bc^tA^{-1}\right)=\ldots=I\quad \textrm{?}$
• May 21st 2011, 03:24 AM
mahefo
I can prove it. But I can not explain it naturally. I do not know this formula is discovered from where.
• May 21st 2011, 10:46 AM
Deveno
it is a special case of the Binomial Inverse Theorem, see here
• May 22nd 2011, 02:59 AM
mahefo
Quote:

Originally Posted by Deveno
it is a special case of the Binomial Inverse Theorem, see here

Thank you so much.
• May 22nd 2011, 03:20 AM
FernandoRevilla
Quote:

Originally Posted by mahefo
I can prove it. But I can not explain it naturally. I do not know this formula is discovered from where.

Given $A,B$ matrices, the natural way to prove the formula $A^{-1}=B$ (that was your original question) is to prove $AB=I$ . Another question is : given $A$ , find $A^{-1}$ .