One property that is needed here is the one which says that if you add one row (or column) of a determinant to another, then the value of the determinant is unchanged.

So for example if you add each of the top two rows to the bottom row, then you get

.

The next property that comes in handy is the one saying that if you multiply each element in a row (or column) by a constant, then the value of the determinant is multiplied by that constant. Or, to put it another way, if each element in a row (or column) has the same factor, then you can take that factor outside the determinant. Thus

.

That gets the factor a+b+c for you. Now use similar procedures to deal with the rest of the problem.