Sorry if I am posting too frequently. I am learning linear algebra all by myself without

any teacher or TA or without going to college. It's very fun but sometimes the book

gets overly complicated in here and there. That's why these postings.

Now back to the problem. Suppose in a vector space:

$\displaystyle

u = u_1 + u_2\,\,\, and\,\,\, v = v_1 + v_2

$

And addition and subtraction are defined as:

$\displaystyle

u + v = (u_1 + v_1, u_2 + v_2)

$

$\displaystyle

ku = (k.u_1, 0)

$

And a axiom is given:

For each $\displaystyle u$ in $\displaystyle V$, there is an object $\displaystyle -u$ in $\displaystyle V$, called a negative of $\displaystyle u$, such that

$\displaystyle

u + (-u) = (-u) + u = 0

$

We have to prove if the above vector space satisfies this axiom.

So I did it like this:

$\displaystyle

-u = -1.u = (-1.u_1, 0) = (-u_1, 0)

$

Now:

$\displaystyle

u + (-u) = (u_1, u_2) + (-u_1, 0) = (0, u_2)

$

Now how do I get $\displaystyle 0 = (0, u_2)$ ? The book says that it satisfies this axiom.

But don't know how to reach it.

Can anyone kindly help me how to get to this relationship?