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Math Help - help with some general proofs and other questions involving vector spaces

  1. #1
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    help with some general proofs and other questions involving vector spaces

    Determine wether the set, together with the indicated operations, is a vector space. If not identify atleast one of the ten vector space axioms that fail.

    #1

    The set of all 2x2 matrices of the form \begin{array}{cc}a&b\\c&1\end{array} with the standard operations.


    #2

    The set of all 2x2 nonsingular (invertable or non zero determinant) with the standard operations.

    I've wracked my brains with these for well over an hour now and made little to no progress... my book is of little to no help.

    Thanks in advance for anyone that can help!
    Last edited by mr fantastic; February 19th 2011 at 01:31 PM. Reason: Deleted excess questions.
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by battleman13 View Post
    Determine whether the set, together with the indicated operations, is a vector space. #1 The set of all 2x2 matrices of the form \begin{array}{cc}a&b\\c&1\end{array} with the standard operations.

    #2 The set of all 2x2 nonsingular (invertable or non zero determinant) with the standard operations.
    Do either of those contain the zero vector?
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  3. #3
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    As far as I understand it, both of those do contain the zero vectors.
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  4. #4
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    They do not!. The zero square matrix of order 2 has a zero for each entry - it does not have a 1 for the (2,2) entry.

    For the second one, the zero matrix is not invertible.
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