Triangular Factors, Row Exchanges, and Proper Matrix Notation

There are actually two reasons I am posting this question(Which has 3 parts)

1) Because it's really fun

2) Because I can't figure out parts 2 and 3.

Apply elimination to produce the factors L and U for

Part 1: A = $\displaystyle \left[\begin{array}{cc}2&1\\8&7\end{array}\right]$

Part 2: A = $\displaystyle \left[\begin{array}{ccc}3&1&1\\1&3&1\\1&1&3\end{array}\r ight]$

Part 3: A = $\displaystyle \left[\begin{array}{ccc}1&1&1\\1&4&4\\1&4&8\end{array}\r ight]$

Now for the first one, what I did was(and I hope I get the notation on this right)

E = Elimination Matrix,

EA = $\displaystyle \left[\begin{array}{cc}1&0\\-4&1\end{array}\right]$ This produced $\displaystyle L^-^1$

Multiply $\displaystyle L^-^1$ by A, to get

U = $\displaystyle \left[\begin{array}{cc}2&1\\0&3\end{array}\right]$

A=LU since this brought me back to A, I knew I was right...

Now when getting into the 3x3 matrices, I started getting into trouble.

Do I basically use a guess and check method? Or is there a way I can systematically solve this using elimination matrices and LU?

Are Row Exchanges necessary for part 2 and 3?

Can I avoid using Guess and Check for L and U?

Also I'm going to put what I did in Part 1 in Matrix Notation(or at least attempt to) and was wondering if someone could tell me if it is correct.

$\displaystyle E^-^1E_1A = U$

Which would produce

$\displaystyle E^-^1E_1A=E_1E^-^1U$

$\displaystyle L=E^-^1$

$\displaystyle U=E_1$