Hello, I have a basic (I think) question about Roots of Unity. First I feel like I should mention that I have only the most basic understanding of complex numbers. Here is what I have been asked to prove:
An th root of unity is a complex number such that . Prove that the th roots of unity form a cyclic subgroup of of order .
This is my first exposure to roots of unity, but after looking through a number theory book, I feel like the first sentence should include "...where . Am I right about this?
If I am correct about this then how do I prove that each th root of unity has an inverse?
Then, how do I express the identity element of ?
I am feeling pretty lost here. Thanks in advance.