.Let V be an n-dimensional vector space over F (can be taken equal to R or C). Let a be a non-zero scalar and let T be the operator defined on a basis v1,...,vn of V by
T(v1)=av1+v2, T(v2)=av2+v3,......T(vn-1)=avn-1+vn, T(vn)=avn.
Prove that if W is a T-invariant subspace of V, and v1 belongs to W, then W=V.
This is what I have so far:
Suppose W is a T-invariant subspace. If v1 beongs to W, the T(v1)=T(W).
No. If invariant and
Since v2 belongs to W,
Why? This is true, but some explanation is required. This isn't trivial nor immediate.
then T(v2)=T(W) implies T(W)=av2+v3, thus v3 belongs to W. Since v2, v3 belong to W then T(vn-1)=T(W) implies T(W)=avn-1+vn, thus vn belongs to W. Since vn beloings to W, then T(vn)=T(W) implies T(W)=avn, thus W=V.
How "thus"?? What you wrote makes no sense... We have because as above we've proven that W contains a basis of V. Period.
How does that look?....any suggestions? Thank you!!!