how do you find the spanning set for U ∩ V where U={(x,y.0): x and y are complex} and V= sp { (1,2,3,), (i,-i, 10)}?

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- Oct 24th 2010, 07:27 AMalexandrabel90spanning set
how do you find the spanning set for U ∩ V where U={(x,y.0): x and y are complex} and V= sp { (1,2,3,), (i,-i, 10)}?

- Oct 24th 2010, 10:46 AMFailure
Clearly: U contains only vectors from V that have z-coordinate 0, thus if you take any linear combination $\displaystyle \lambda (1,2,3)+\mu(i,-i,10)$ from V, you have to require that $\displaystyle \lambda \cdot 3 +\mu\cdot 10=0$, hence $\displaystyle \lambda=-\frac{10}{3}\mu$.

This means that $\displaystyle U\cap V$ is 1-dimensional and that any single vector that you get by chosing $\displaystyle \mu,\lambda \neq 0$ and $\displaystyle \lambda=-\frac{10}{3}\mu$ will therefore span that intersection.

Take for example, $\displaystyle \mu=3$, hence $\displaystyle \lambda=-\frac{10}{3}\cdot 3 = -10$. This gives the vector

$\displaystyle -10(1,2,3)+3(i,-i,10)=(-10+3i,-20-3i,0)$ of $\displaystyle U\cap V$.