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Math Help - Polynomials

  1. #1
    Apr 2010


    Assistance and help on this would be great! thank you

    Let F be a field. Let a(x), b(x) exist in F[x] be polynomials such that a(x)≠ 0 or b(x) ≠ 0.
    Let d(x)=gcd(a(x), b(x), that is, d(x) is the monic polynomial in F[x] of highest degree such
    that d(x)|a(x) and d(x)| b(x). Suppose that d1(x) exist in F[x] is a monic polynomial such that
    d1(x)=a(x)u(x) + b(x)v(x) for some u(x), v(x) that exist in F[x], d1(x)| a(x) and d1(x)| b(x)
    Prove that d(x) = d1(x).
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  2. #2
    Member HappyJoe's Avatar
    Sep 2010
    What results do you know in connection with this? See if you can follow the following argument with your current knowledge.

    Since d_1(x) | a(x) and d_1(x) | b(x), and since d(x) is the greatest divisor of both a(x) and b(x), we have d_1(x) | d(x).

    Conversely, since d(x) divides both a(x) and b(x), we have that d(x) divides a(x)u(x)+b(x)v(x), i.e. d(x) | d_1(x). In conclusion, d(x) = \lambda d_1(x) for some scalar \lambda. Since both d(x) and d_1(x) are monic, the scalar is equal to 1, hence d(x)=d_1(x).
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