I'm trying to answer this question, but am completely stuck.

Argue that in analyzing the error in a stationery linear relaxation scheme applied to Au=f, it is sufficient to consider Au=0 with arbitrary initial guess, (say v_0).

Any ideas?

I'm not even sure what the author is trying to say, is he saying when studying the error produced by the relaxation method (eg. the jacobi method) it is sufficient to study the error of the associated homogenous system Au=0 with arbitrary initial guesses (say v_0). But in this case the error will simply be e=-v_0. (since the error is defined as e=u-v_0)

Maybe the residual equation plays a part, Ae=r ... ???

Any help, would be much appreciated