1. ## R/M and R

if M is the maximal ideal of R....how can we say that R/M has only 2 ideals ....0 and R/M itself??

2. If $R$ is a commutative ring with identity, and $M$ is a maximal ideal, then $R/M$ is a field. What are the ideals of a field?

3. Originally Posted by roninpro
If $R$ is a commutative ring with identity, and $M$ is a maximal ideal, then $R/M$ is a field. What are the ideals of a field?
Or, I belive you could use the correspondence theorem.

4. that was what i had set out to prove....that if If R is a commutative ring with identity, and M is a maximal ideal, then R/M is a field.....they directly said that R/M has 2 ideals 0 and R/M itself....so i cld'nt get how they said this...

could you please tell me somethng abt this correspondence theorem. cz i dont seem to get what it says....

5. Originally Posted by prashantgolu
that was what i had set out to prove....that if If R is a commutative ring with identity, and M is a maximal ideal, then R/M is a field.....they directly said that R/M has 2 ideals 0 and R/M itself....so i cld'nt get how they said this...

could you please tell me somethng abt this correspondence theorem. cz i dont seem to get what it says....
The correspondence theorem (I believe) basically says two things,

1. Let $I, J \lhd R$ with $I \subseteq J$. Then $J/I \lhd R/I$.

2. If $J/I \lhd R/I$ then there exists an ideal $J^{\prime} \lhd R$ such that $I \subseteq J^{\prime}$ and $J^{\prime}/I = J/I$.

So, essentially, the ideals in $R/I$ correspond precisely to the ideals $J$ such that $I \lhd J \lhd R$. As there are no such proper ideals, as $I$ is maximal, then what can you conclude?