1. ## Dn problem

Let G=<x, y| x^2n=e, x^n=y2, xy=yx^–1>. Show Z(G)={e, xn}. Assuming |G|=4n, show G/Z(G) is isomorphic to Dn. I really have no clue how to even start this problem, any help would be greatly appreciated.

2. I couldn't really understand the notation. Is this the problem?

Let $\displaystyle G=\{x, y| x^{2n}=e, x^n=y^2, xy=yx^{-1}\}$. Show $\displaystyle Z(G)=\{e, x^n\}$. Assuming $\displaystyle |G|=4n$, show $\displaystyle G/Z(G)$ is isomorphic to $\displaystyle D_n$. I really have no clue how to even start this problem, any help would be greatly appreciated.

3. yea, that is right. I am able to prove the second part quite easly, but I am having a really hard time proving that the center of G is {e,x^n}.

4. So I tried breaking this up into cases:
Case 1: If n=1. then |x|=1 or 2. If |x|=1, then x=e and x would obviously be in the center.
If |x|=2, then xy=yx (since (y^-1)xy=x^-1 and x^-1 = x when |x|=2). Thus G is abelain, and Z(G) would be {e,x,y^2} but since y^2=x, are Z(G) would be {e,x}.
Case 2. n>1
If n>1 and the order of x>2, then xx^(n)=x^(n+1)=x^(n)x and x^(n)y=y^2y=y^3=yy^2=yx^n. Since x^n commutes with the generates of G, x^n commutes with all of G. But G is not abelain, because if it were, y^-1xy=y^-1yx=x=x^-1, which is not true when |x|>2. Thus, the only elements in Z(G) are {e,x^n}.

$\displaystyle \alpha^a\beta^b \mapsto \alpha^{2a}\beta^b$?