1. ## k[x]-module

Let K be a field, and (x) -> K[x] be an injective map where (x) is the principal ideal generated by x.

(i) Prove that the quotient K[x]-module, K[x]/(x), is isomorphic to K as an abelian group and also as a K-vector space.

Hence there is an exact sequence of K[x]-modules :

0 -> (x) -> K[x] -> K -> 0

(ii) Is this sequence split as a sequence of K[x]-modules ?

(iii) Is this sequence split as a sequence of K-modules ?

(i) is clear. But I can't make sense nor find a solution for (ii) and (iii).
Which is why I require your help !

2. Originally Posted by Simply82358
Let K be a field, and (x) -> K[x] be an injective map where (x) is the principal ideal generated by x.

(i) Prove that the quotient K[x]-module, K[x]/(x), is isomorphic to K as an abelian group and also as a K-vector space.

Hence there is an exact sequence of K[x]-modules :

0 -> (x) -> K[x] -> K -> 0

(ii) Is this sequence split as a sequence of K[x]-modules ?

(iii) Is this sequence split as a sequence of K-modules ?

(i) is clear. But I can't make sense nor find a solution for (ii) and (iii).
Which is why I require your help !
the answer to (ii) is negative and to (iii) is positive. to see this, let $I=\langle x \rangle$ and $\pi: K[x] \longrightarrow K[x]/I$ be the natural homomorphism. let $\text{id}$ be the identity map over $K[x]/I.$

suppose that $\alpha: K[x]/I \longrightarrow K[x]$ is a $K[x]$ homomorhism such that $\pi \alpha = \text{id}.$ now, for any $p(x) \in K[x]$ we have $xp(x) \in I$ and thus $0=\alpha(xp(x)+I)=x \alpha(p(x)+I),$

which means $\alpha(p(x)+I)=0,$ i.e. $\alpha = 0$ and thus $\text{id}=\pi \alpha = 0,$ which is non-sense.

for (ii) just define $\beta : K[x]/I \longrightarrow K[x]$ by $\beta(p(x)+I)=p(0).$ see that $\beta$ is a well-defined $K$ homomorphism and $\pi \beta = \text{id}.$ (note that $p(0)+I=p(x)+I.$)