I could use some help on this proof:

Let N be a normal subgroup of G and let H be a subgroup of G. If N is a subgroup of H, prove that H/N is a normal subgroup of G/N if and only if H is a normal subgroup of G.

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- April 29th 2007, 03:46 PMspoon737Factor group/Normal subgroup proof
I could use some help on this proof:

Let N be a normal subgroup of G and let H be a subgroup of G. If N is a subgroup of H, prove that H/N is a normal subgroup of G/N if and only if H is a normal subgroup of G. - April 29th 2007, 05:08 PMspoon737
Thanks for the link, but the proof assumes an understanding of homomorphisms which we haven't covered yet (it's actually the next chapter in the book). Could you possibly show me an alternate approach?

- April 29th 2007, 05:12 PMThePerfectHacker
Yes! I just deleted my link because it was a diaster as an answer. I was just being lazy. I type the proof up real soon right now. Be Patient.

I will use the following really useful theorem.

**Theorem:**Let G be a group and H be a subgroup of G. Then H is a normal subgroup of G if and only if ghg^{-1} in H for**all**g in G and h in H.

I will prove only one direction, the one I think is harder. And I leave the second direction which will be very similar as an excersice. I recommend to post your proof of the other direction for me to check it.

In the proof I shall use a triangle symbol. It means "normal subgroup of". - April 29th 2007, 06:42 PMspoon737
Thanks for the help. I think I've got the other direction down. Let me know if I did something wrong.

Claim: If H is a normal subgroup of G, then H/N is a normal subgroup of G/N.

Since N is a normal subgroup of G and H is a subset of G, we know hNh^(-1) is an element of N, which means H/N exists. Since H is a normal subgroup of G, ghg^(-1) is an element of H for all g in G. So, ghg^(-1)N = gN(hN)g^(-1)N is an element of H/N. Thus, H/N is a subgroup of G/N. Q.E.D.

Sorry for the lack of LaTeX, I still need to learn how to use it. - April 29th 2007, 06:50 PMThePerfectHacker
That is basically it. It is just stated in a very strange way.

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Claim: If H is a normal subgroup of G, then H/N is a normal subgroup of G/N.

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Since N is a normal subgroup of G and H is a subset of G,

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we know hNh^(-1) is an element of N

**for all**h in H.

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which means H/N exists.

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Since H is a normal subgroup of G, ghg^(-1) is an element of H for all g in G.

**for all**h in H.

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So, ghg^(-1)N = gN(hN)g^(-1)N is an element of H/N. Thus, H/N is a subgroup of G/N. Q.E.D.

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Sorry for the lack of LaTeX, I still need to learn how to use it.