
basic bilinear forms
Let f:V × V → F be a bilinear form on a vector space V, where F is the field of scalars. 3 conditions must be fulfilled:
1. f(u1+u2,v)=f(u1,v)+f(u2,v)
2. f(u,v1+v2)=f(u,v1)+f(u,v2)
3.f(u,tv)= f(tu,v)=tf(u,v)
If F=Q (as the set of rational numbers) then if f fulfills 1. and 2. then it must fulfill 3.
I was wondering how to prove that?
Another question is to find an example of a function/map that is not a bilinear form (and precise on which field it is) because it fulfills 1. and 2. but not 3.
Thanks a lot for any help or suggestions!

Hey there,
I had an exam question on this the other day! To show that 1.,2. imply 3. on $\displaystyle \mathbb{Q}$ it's easiest to show it for $\displaystyle \mathbb{N}$ first, then $\displaystyle \mathbb{Z}$, and then $\displaystyle \mathbb{Q}$. I'll give you some hints!
(n) Try induction to show that $\displaystyle f(nu,v) = nf(u,v)$. This is obvious for $\displaystyle n=1$, and so assume it is true for $\displaystyle n\in\mathbb{N}$. Then $\displaystyle f((n+1)u,v) = f(nu + u,v) = \ldots$ From here you can use 1. and the inductive hypothesis. The symmetric case, i.e. for $\displaystyle f(u,nv)$ follows from 2.
(z) Then for $\displaystyle \mathbb{Z}$, it suffices to show that $\displaystyle f(u,v) = f(u,v)$ (why?). Consider $\displaystyle f(uu,v)$ and use 1. Again use 2. for the symmetric case.
(q) Now for $\displaystyle \mathbb{Q}$, it suffices to show $\displaystyle f(\frac{1}{n}u,v) = \frac{1}{n}f(u,v)$ (why?). Now consider $\displaystyle f(u,v) = f(n\frac{1}{n}u,v) = \ldots$ and use (n).
Hope this is helpful, write back if you get stuck (Wink)
(I don't know why I just used a smiley I think they're stupid but I was endeared by the yellowness.)