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Math Help - Non singular matrix proof

  1. #1
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    Non singular matrix proof

    a matrix is non singular only if its det does not equal zero. Calculate its inverse.

    How do I go about proving this? I can only think of a counter example where matrix is singular given identical rows or columns or multiples of each other, which will generate a det of 0.

    What do you think?
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by newtomath821 View Post
    a matrix is non singular only if its det does not equal zero. Calculate its inverse.

    How do I go about proving this? I can only think of a counter example where matrix is singular given identical rows or columns or multiples of each other, which will generate a det of 0.

    What do you think?
    It all depends on what you already know: we can say that \det A=0\iff the characteristic polynomial of A has free coefficient equal to zero \iff zero is one of the eigenvalues of A\iff\,A is singular.

    Or we can say that A is singular \iff \ker A\neq \{0\}\iff \exists 0\neq v\,\,\,s.t.\,\,\,Av=0\iff zero is one of the eigenvalues of A\iff A is singular.

    Or we could even say A is singular \iff the rows (columns) of A , when seen as vectors in \mathbb{F}^n\,,\,\mathbb{F}= the definition field, are linearly dependent \iff when bringing the matrix to echelon form (and thus at most multiplying the matrix's determinant by a non-zero factor) we get a row of zeros \iff \det A=0 .

    Choose yours...

    Tonio
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