Let u = (1 , 0, 2, 1).

Find a basis for the subspace of vectors orthogonal to u in R4.

Please help me get started. The ones I did before used the Gram- Schmidt process, however I only have one vector, so I am unsure of how to begin.

Thanks.

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- Apr 4th 2010, 11:10 PMmsfynestriniFind Basis orthogonal to a given u
Let u = (1 , 0, 2, 1).

Find a basis for the subspace of vectors orthogonal to u in R4.

Please help me get started. The ones I did before used the Gram- Schmidt process, however I only have one vector, so I am unsure of how to begin.

Thanks. - Apr 5th 2010, 12:29 AMBruno J.
Those vectors which are orthogonal to satisfy the equation . Now you can let, say, , , and then we have . Thus your subspace consists of all vectors of the form . It's a 3-dimensional vector space (3 parameters) so you'll need 3 vectors in your basis; by picking values of it's easy to find 3 vectors who do the job. Take it from there!

- Apr 5th 2010, 01:55 AMmsfynestrini
Ok, I think I got it now.

Example, if I were to let u = 1 and v = w= 0. then x4 would be -1 and that would be one of the vectors in the basis.

So a solution would be

( 1 0 0 -1)

(0 1 0 0)

(0 0 1 -2), am I right? I am unsure if the second one is correct, but I think it makes sense to me. - Apr 5th 2010, 10:42 AMBruno J.
That's good! (Nod)

- Apr 5th 2010, 05:16 PMmsfynestrini
Thank you soo much