1. ## Finding the eigenvalues

Consider the matrix B =

$\displaystyle B = \begin{bmatrix} 1&-3\\1&1\end{bmatrix}$

Find the eigenvalues 1 and 2 of B. Write eugenvalues in the form a+bi, where a; b E R.

When I solve for the determinant i get (1-/|(eigenvalue) )+3 and I'm stuck after because when i substitute a +bi instead of the eigenvalue I get a^2 + 2abi +b^2 +4 and it doesn't really help me.

If you know how to solve this I would really appreciate your help.Thanks!

2. When it says write eigenvalues in the form $\displaystyle a + bi$, it means that you are going to get complex numbers as your values.

To find the eigen values we need to solve this following equation, (which I think you have already stated above, kind of.)

$\displaystyle (1- \lambda)(1- \lambda) - 1(-3) = 0$

Expanding out the brackets above and rearranging a little gives you the following equation:

$\displaystyle \lambda^2 - 2\lambda + 4 = 0$.

Hope this helps.

3. Originally Posted by anna123456
Consider the matrix B =

$\displaystyle B = \begin{bmatrix} 1&-3\\1&1\end{bmatrix}$

Find the eigenvalues 1 and 2 of B. Write eugenvalues in the form a+bi, where a; b E R.

When I solve for the determinant i get (1-/|(eigenvalue) )+3 and I'm stuck after because when i substitute a +bi instead of the eigenvalue I get a^2 + 2abi +b^2 +4 and it doesn't really help me.

If you know how to solve this I would really appreciate your help.Thanks!
$\displaystyle det (B-\lambda I) = det \begin{bmatrix} 1-\lambda &-3\\1&1- \lambda \end{bmatrix} = (1-\lambda )^2 + 3 = 0 \Leftrightarrow (1-\lambda )^2 = -3 ...$

Can you solve now?

4. Originally Posted by Defunkt
$\displaystyle det (B-\lambda I) = det \begin{bmatrix} 1-\lambda &-3\\1&1- \lambda \end{bmatrix} = (1-\lambda )^2 + 3 = 0 \Leftrightarrow (1-\lambda )^2 = -3 ...$

Can you solve now?
The problem is it doesn't have a solution in this form because when something is squared it's always going to be positve or equal to 0.

5. Originally Posted by anna123456
The problem is it doesn't have a solution in this form because when something is squared it's always going to be positve or equal to 0.
Over $\displaystyle \mathbb{R}$, yes, but not over the field of complex numbers $\displaystyle \mathbb{C}$. The question even says that you are going to have a complex solution.

$\displaystyle (1-\lambda )^2 = -3 \Leftrightarrow 1 - \lambda = \pm \sqrt{-3} = \pm \sqrt{3}i \Leftrightarrow \lambda = 1 \pm \sqrt{3}{i}$