dont think that you need to use those facts that you mentioned, basicly what you have is two sets, so you need to show that one set is a subset of other and opposite.
If M and N are subspaces of a finite-dimensional vector space, then and .
( and are the annihilators of M and N, respectively)
Not much I can do here, but I know that if , then .
I also know that . I think the author wants me to use these two facts to prove the given statement.
Any hints are greatly appreciated.
Hints (easy): (a) , (b) subset , (c) if is a subspace of , and thus we get:
Take now the annihilator in both sides in (1) and use (a) and (c) above:
(3) , and now use (2) above (with instead of ), and you get
(4) , so from (3)-(4) you get
(5) , and this means the inclusions (3)-(4) must be equalities ; but this means that the annihilators of both sides in (1) are equal , and thus we get the wanted equality because of the
Hint (easy, too) (d) If subspaces of , then
Try now to complete the proof of the second equality by yourself.
Pd. I don't know any proof of these equalities that is less messy than the above, which is not hard but requires concentration in details and lots of careful "connecting the dots"
Hi, apologies for the late reply. The last few days have been a mess so no time for math
Then by (a) I have that
Ah, I find this to be really hard!