Thread: Prove if B is similar to A then A is similar to B

1. Prove if B is similar to A then A is similar to B

I am having trouble with this proof.

A matrix B is similar to A if there exists a nonsingular matrix P such that

PAP^-1=B

The question is:

Prove if B is similar to A then A is similar to B

I have:

Assume B is similar to A. Then there exists P such that

PAP^-1=B.

multiplying both sides by P gives

PA=BP

then multiplying both sides by inverse of P gives

A=P^-1 *B*P

but I need to show A=PBP^-1. and I cannot figure it out. Thanks!!!!!!!

2. Originally Posted by mulaosmanovicben
I am having trouble with this proof.

A matrix B is similar to A if there exists a nonsingular matrix P such that

PAP^-1=B

The question is:

Prove if B is similar to A then A is similar to B

I have:

Assume B is similar to A. Then there exists P such that

PAP^-1=B.

multiplying both sides by P gives

PA=BP

then multiplying both sides by inverse of P gives

A=P^-1 *B*P

but I need to show A=PBP^-1. and I cannot figure it out. Thanks!!!!!!!

No, you do NOT need to prove $\displaystyle A=PBP^{-1}$ , which in general isn't true. What you need is to prove that there exists an invertible matrix $\displaystyle Q$ s.t. $\displaystyle A=QBQ^{-1}$...well, just choose $\displaystyle Q=P^{-1}$

Tonio

3. Thanks Tonio! I actually skipped class the day the professor described invertible matricies (had to work on some homework that was due that day haha) but this solution sounds elegant and beautiful =D Thanks alot!!!!!!!!!!!!

EDIT: aah now I see invertible just means AB=BA=I

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A similar B

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