# Math Help - Direct Product

1. ## Direct Product

Let G={1, 7, 17, 23, 49, 55, 65, 71} under multiplication modulo 96. Express G as an external and an internal direct product of cyclic groups.

I know that lGl =8, so G is isomorphic to either Z8, or G is isomorphic to the external direct product of Z4 Z2, or G is isomorphic to the external direct product of Z2 Z2 Z2. But I'm not sure what to do next.

2. Originally Posted by bethh
Let G={1, 7, 17, 23, 49, 55, 65, 71} under multiplication modulo 96. Express G as an external and an internal direct product of cyclic groups.

I know that lGl =8, so G is isomorphic to either Z8, or G is isomorphic to the external direct product of Z4 Z2, or G is isomorphic to the external direct product of Z2 Z2 Z2. But I'm not sure what to do next.

First, find out the orders of the different elements, for instance: $7^2=49\,,\,7^3=343=55\!\!\!\!\pmod{96}\,,\,7^4=385 =1\!\!\!\!\pmod{96}\Longrightarrow\,ord(7)=4$ , and this already tells you that G can NOT be the direct product $\mathbb{Z}_2\times\mathbb{Z}\times\mathbb{Z}_2$ . Well, do the next ones now.

Tonio

3. ## Patterns

In your problem, you can also notice a pattern:

49 = 48+1
55 = 48+7
65 = 48+17
71 = 48+23

so you might think this was { 1,7,17,23 } x { 0,1}.