# Thread: Figuring out rows and columns after matrix multiplication

1. ## Figuring out rows and columns after matrix multiplication

Suppose A is a n x k matrix and you have $A(A^TA)^{-1}A^T$. All that is equivalent to $I$, but how many rows does I have? Is it n or k, and what is a quick way to figure it out?

2. Originally Posted by garymarkhov
Suppose A is a n x k matrix and you have $A(A^TA)^{-1}A^T$. All that is equivalent to $I$, but how many rows does I have? Is it n or k, and what is a quick way to figure it out?
If matrix X has m columns and n rows and matrix Y has p columns and q rows, in order to be able to multiply XY, we must have that m= q and then XY has p columns and n rows.

If A has n columns and k rows then $A^T$ has k columns and n rows. In order to be able to multiply $(A^TA)^{-1}A^T$, $(A^TA)^{-1}$ must have n columns and, since it is invertible it is square, n rows. That means that $(A^TA)^{-1}A^T$ has k columns and n rows. And then $A(A^TA)^{-1}A^T$ is the product of a matrix with n columns and k rows by a matrix with k columns and n rows. k= k and the product is a square matrix with n rows and columns.